Du benytter en nettleser vi ikke støtter. Se informasjon om nettlesere


Abraham, N. S., Barkun, J. S., & Barkun, A. N. (2002). Palliation of malignant biliary obstruction: a prospective trial examining impact on quality of life. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 56(6), 835-841. https://doi.org/10.1067/mge.2002.129868

Advance care plan: personal preferences and choises of end of life care. (2010). London: St. Christophers Hospice. Hentet fra https://www.stchristophers.org.uk/leaflet/advance-care-planning/

Agra, Y., Sacristan, A., Gonzalez, M., Ferrari, M., Portugues, A., & Calvo, M. J. (1998). Efficacy of senna versus lactulose in terminal cancer patients treated with opioids. Journal of pain and symptom management, 15(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0885-3924(97)00276-5

Ahmedzai, S. H., & Boland, J. (2010). Constipation in people prescribed opioids. BMJ clinical evidence, 2010.

Allard, P., Lamontagne, C., Bernard, P., & Tremblay, C. (1999). How effective are supplementary doses of opioids for dyspnea in terminally ill cancer patients? A randomized continuous sequential clinical trial. Journal of pain and symptom management, 17(4), 256-265.

Anandarajah, G., & Hight, E. (2001). Spirituality and medical practice: Using the HOPE questions as a practical tool for spiritual assessment. 63(1), 81-89.

Andersen, B. L., DeRubeis, R. J., Berman, B. S., Gruman, J., Champion, V. L., Massie, M. J., . . . Rowland, J. H. (2014). Screening, assessment, and care of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adults with cancer: an American Society of Clinical Oncology guideline adaptation. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 32(15), 1605-1619. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2013.52.4611

Ang, S. K., Shoemaker, L. K., & Davis, M. P. (2010). Nausea and vomiting in advanced cancer. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 27(3), 219-225. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909110361228

Arcidiacono, P. G., Calori, G., Carrara, S., McNicol, E. D., & Testoni, P. A. (2011). Celiac plexus block for pancreatic cancer pain in adults. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD007519. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007519.pub2

Arends, J. (2018). Struggling with nutrition in patients with advanced cancer: nutrition and nourishment-focusing on metabolism and supportive care. 29, ii27-ii34. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy093

Arends, J., Bachmann, P., Baracos, V., Barthelemy, N., Bertz, H., Bozzetti, F., . . . Preiser, J. C. (2017). ESPEN guidelines on nutrition in cancer patients. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 36(1), 11-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.07.015

Arends, J., Bodoky, G., Bozzetti, F., Fearon, K., Muscaritoli, M., Selga, G., . . . Zander, A. (2006). ESPEN guidelines on enteral nutrition: Non-surgical oncology. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 25(2), 245-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2006.01.020

Artifon, E. L., Sakai, P., Cunha, J. E., Dupont, A., Filho, F. M., Hondo, F. Y., . . . Raju, G. S. (2006). Surgery or endoscopy for palliation of biliary obstruction due to metastatic pancreatic cancer. The American journal of gastroenterology, 101(9), 2031-2037. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2006.00764.x

Baile, W. F., Buckman, R., Lenzi, R., Glober, G., Beale, E. A., & Kudelka, A. P. (2000). SPIKES-A six-step protocol for delivering bad news: application to the patient with cancer. The oncologist, 5(4), 302-311.

Balboni, M. J., Sullivan, A., Amobi, A., Phelps, A. C., Gorman, D. P., Zollfrank, A., . . . Balboni, T. A. (2013). Why is spiritual care infrequent at the end of life? Spiritual care perceptions among patients, nurses, and physicians and the role of training. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 31(4), 461-467. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2012.44.6443

Baracos, V. E. (2006). Cancer-associated cachexia and underlying biological mechanisms. Annual review of nutrition, 26, 435-461. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.nutr.26.061505.111151

Bell, R. Retningslinjer for smertelindring. Oslo: Den norske legeforening.

Bell, R. F., Eccleston, C., & Kalso, E. A. (2017). Ketamine as an adjuvant to opioids for cancer pain. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 6, CD003351. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003351.pub3

Bentley, A., & Boyd, K. (2001). Use of clinical pictures in the management of nausea and vomiting: a prospective audit. Palliative medicine, 15(3), 247-253. https://doi.org/10.1191/026921601678576239

Blaber, M., Jone, J., & Willis, D. (2015). Spiritual care: which is the best assessment tool for palliative settings? International journal of palliative nursing, 21(9), 430-438. https://doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2015.21.9.430

Booth, S., & Wade, R. (2003). Oxygen or air for palliation of breathlessness in advanced cancer. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 96(5), 215-218.

Booth, S., Wade, R., Johnson, M., Kite, S., Swannick, M., & Anderson, H. (2004). The use of oxygen in the palliation of breathlessness. A report of the expert working group of the Scientific Committee of the Association of Palliative Medicine. Respiratory medicine, 98(1), 66-77.

Bozzetti, F., Amadori, D., Bruera, E., Cozzaglio, L., Corli, O., Filiberti, A., . . . Trompino, G. (1996). Guidelines on artificial nutrition versus hydration in terminal cancer patients. European Association for Palliative Care. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 12(3), 163-167.

Brown, S., North, D., Marvel, M. K., & Fons, R. (1992). Acupressure wrist bands to relieve nausea and vomiting in hospice patients: do they work? The American journal of hospice & palliative care, 9(4), 26-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/104990919200900409

Bruera, E., Seifert, L., Watanabe, S., Babul, N., Darke, A., Harsanyi, Z., & Suarez-Almazor, M. (1996). Chronic nausea in advanced cancer patients: a retrospective assessment of a metoclopramide-based antiemetic regimen. Journal of pain and symptom management, 11(3), 147-153.

Braam, P., Lambin, P., & Bussink, J. (2016). Stereotactic versus conventional radiotherapy for pain reduction and quality of life in spinal metastases: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 17, 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1178-7

Bush, S. H., Lawlor, P. G., Ryan, K., Centeno, C., Lucchesi, M., Kanji, S., . . . Committee, E. G. (2018). Delirium in adult cancer patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 29(Supplement_4), iv143-iv165. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy147

Bye, A., Jordhoy, M. S., Skjegstad, G., Ledsaak, O., Iversen, P. O., & Hjermstad, M. J. (2013). Symptoms in advanced pancreatic cancer are of importance for energy intake. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 21(1), 219-227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1514-8

Campagnutta, E., & Cannizzaro, R. (2000). Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in palliative treatment of non-operable intestinal obstruction due to gynecologic cancer: a review. European journal of gynaecological oncology, 21(4), 397-402.

Candy, B., Jones, L., Goodman, M. L., Drake, R., & Tookman, A. (2011). Laxatives or methylnaltrexone for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD003448. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003448.pub3

Caraceni, A., Hanks, G., Kaasa, S., Bennett, M. I., Brunelli, C., Cherny, N., . . . Zeppetella, G. (2012). Use of opioid analgesics in the treatment of cancer pain: evidence-based recommendations from the EAPC. The Lancet. Oncology, 13(2), e58-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(12)70040-2

Caraceni, A., Pigni, A., & Brunelli, C. (2011). Is oral morphine still the first choice opioid for moderate to severe cancer pain? A systematic review within the European Palliative Care Research Collaborative guidelines project. Palliative medicine, 25(5), 402-409. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216310392102

Cederholm, T., Barazzoni, R., Austin, P., Ballmer, P., Biolo, G., Bischoff, S. C., . . . Singer, P. (2017). ESPEN guidelines on definitions and terminology of clinical nutrition. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 36(1), 49-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.09.004

Cheng, D. S., Seitz, C. B., & Eyre, H. J. (1980). Nonoperative management of femoral, humeral, and acetabular metastases in patients with breast carcinoma. Cancer, 45(7), 1533-1537.

Cherny, N. I. (2015). Oxford textbook of palliative medicine (5. utg.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chiu, N., Chiu, L., Popovic, M., DeAngelis, C., Lutz, S., Zhang, N., . . . Chow, E. (2015). Re-irradiation for painful bone metastases: evidence-based approach. Annals of palliative medicine, 4(4), 214-219. https://doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2224-5820.2015.10.02

Chow, E., Harris, K., Fan, G., Tsao, M., & Sze, W. M. (2007). Palliative radiotherapy trials for bone metastases: a systematic review. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 25(11), 1423-1436. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2006.09.5281

Chow, E., Hoskin, P., Mitera, G., Zeng, L., Lutz, S., Roos, D., . . . Kumar, E. (2012). Update of the international consensus on palliative radiotherapy endpoints for future clinical trials in bone metastases. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 82(5), 1730-1737. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.02.008

Chow, E., van der Linden, Y. M., Roos, D., Hartsell, W. F., Hoskin, P., Wu, J. S., . . . Wong, R. K. (2014). Single versus multiple fractions of repeat radiation for painful bone metastases: a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. The Lancet. Oncology, 15(2), 164-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(13)70556-4

Chow, R., Hoskin, P., Hollenberg, D., Lam, M., Dennis, K., Lutz, S., . . . Chow, E. (2017). Efficacy of single fraction conventional radiation therapy for painful uncomplicated bone metastases: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of palliative medicine, 6(2), 125-142. https://doi.org/10.21037/apm.2016.12.04

Clark, A. J., Ahmedzai, S. H., Allan, L. G., Camacho, F., Horbay, G. L., Richarz, U., & Simpson, K. (2004). Efficacy and safety of transdermal fentanyl and sustained-release oral morphine in patients with cancer and chronic non-cancer pain. Current medical research and opinion, 20(9), 1419-1428. https://doi.org/10.1185/030079904x2114

Clark, D. (2007). From margins to centre: a review of the history of palliative care in cancer. The Lancet. Oncology, 8(5), 430-438. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(07)70138-9

Clark, K., & Currow, D. C. (2012). Assessing constipation in palliative care within a gastroenterology framework. Palliative medicine, 26(6), 834-841. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216311414756

Clark, K., Lam, L. T., Agar, M., Chye, R., & Currow, D. C. (2010). The impact of opioids, anticholinergic medications and disease progression on the prescription of laxatives in hospitalized palliative care patients: a retrospective analysis. Palliative medicine, 24(4), 410-418. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216310363649

Cobb, M., Puchalski, C. M., & Rumbold, B. (2012). Oxford textbook of spirituality in healthcare. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, A. J., Menter, A., & Hale, L. (2005). Acupuncture: role in comprehensive cancer care--a primer for the oncologist and review of the literature. Integrative cancer therapies, 4(2), 131-143. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735405276419

Cohen, S. R., & Leis, A. (2002). What determines the quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients from their own perspective? Journal of palliative care, 18(1), 48-58.

Connor, S., Barron, E., Redhead, D. N., Ireland, H., Madhavan, K. K., Parks, R. W., & Garden, O. J. (2007). Palliation for suspected unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology, 33(3), 341-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2006.11.005

Cook, A. M., Lau, T. N., Tomlinson, M. J., Vaidya, M., Wakeley, C. J., & Goddard, P. (1998). Magnetic resonance imaging of the whole spine in suspected malignant spinal cord compression: impact on management. Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain)), 10(1), 39-43.

Cranston, J. M., Crockett, A., & Currow, D. (2008). Oxygen therapy for dyspnoea in adults. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004769. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004769.pub2

Danielsen, B. V., Sand, A. M., Rosland, J. H., & Førland, O. (2018). Experiences and challenges of home care nurses and general practitioners in home-based palliative care – a qualitative study. BMC palliative care, 17(1), 95. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-018-0350-0

Davis, M. P., & Hallerberg, G. (2010). A systematic review of the treatment of nausea and/or vomiting in cancer unrelated to chemotherapy or radiation. Journal of pain and symptom management, 39(4), 756-767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.08.010

De Graeff, A., & Krol, R. J. A. Constipation: Nation-wide guideline. Version 2.0. Nederland: Integraal Kankercentrum Nederland. Hentet 3. januar 2019, fra http://oncoline.nl/richtlijn/item/pagina.php?richtlijn_id=694&unique=04cd813c4e3401baa2d352000459b710&noframes=true

Dean, M. (2004). Opioids in renal failure and dialysis patients. Journal of pain and symptom management, 28(5), 497-504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2004.02.021

Deandrea, S., Corli, O., Moschetti, I., & Apolone, G. (2009). Managing severe cancer pain: the role of transdermal buprenorphine: a systematic review. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 5(5), 707-718.

Deandrea, S., Montanari, M., Moja, L., & Apolone, G. (2008). Prevalence of undertreatment in cancer pain. A review of published literature. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 19(12), 1985-1991. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdn419

Del Fabbro, E., Hui, D., Dalal, S., Dev, R., Nooruddin, Z. I., & Bruera, E. (2011). Clinical outcomes and contributors to weight loss in a cancer cachexia clinic. Journal of palliative medicine, 14(9), 1004-1008. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2011.0098

Detmar, S. B., Muller, M. J., Wever, L. D., Schornagel, J. H., & Aaronson, N. K. (2001). The patient-physician relationship. Patient-physician communication during outpatient palliative treatment visits: an observational study. Jama, 285(10), 1351-1357.

Detsky, A. S., McLaughlin, J. R., Baker, J. P., Johnston, N., Whittaker, S., Mendelson, R. A., & Jeejeebhoy, K. N. (1987). What is subjective global assessment of nutritional status? JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition, 11(1), 8-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/014860718701100108

Dev, R., Dalal, S., & Bruera, E. (2012). Is there a role for parenteral nutrition or hydration at the end of life? Current opinion in supportive and palliative care, 6(3), 365-370. https://doi.org/10.1097/SPC.0b013e328356ab4a

DeVita, V. T., Rosenberg, S. A., & Hellman, S. (2005). Cancer : principles & practice of oncology (7. utg.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Dine ønsker for livets siste tid - forberedende samtaler. (2018). [Fagprosedyre under publisering 2018]. Oslo: Oslo Universitetssykehus. Hentet 20. desember 2018, fra https://www.helsebiblioteket.no/fagprosedyrer/pabegynte/livets-siste-tid-kartleggingsverktoy

Dittus, K. L., Gramling, R. E., & Ades, P. A. (2017). Exercise interventions for individuals with advanced cancer: A systematic review. Preventive medicine, 104, 124-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.07.015

Doyle, D., & Hanks, G. W. C. (2010). Oxford textbook of palliative medicine (4. utg.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Droney, J., Ross, J., Gretton, S., Welsh, K., Sato, H., & Riley, J. (2008). Constipation in cancer patients on morphine. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 16(5), 453-459. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-007-0373-1

Dy, S. M., & Apostol, C. C. (2010). Evidence-based approaches to other symptoms in advanced cancer. Cancer journal (Sudbury, Mass.), 16(5), 507-513. https://doi.org/10.1097/PPO.0b013e3181f45877

EAPC Task Force on Spiritual Care in Palliative Care. [Nettdokument]. Belgia: European Association of Palliative Care. 

Edelstyn, G. A., Gillespie, P. J., & Grebbell, F. S. (1967). The radiological demonstration of osseous metastases. Experimental observations. Clinical radiology, 18(2), 158-162.

Ellershaw, J., & Wilkinson, S. (2003). Care of the dying: a pathway to excellence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellershaw, J., & Wilkinson, S. (2011). Care of the dying: a pathway to excellence (2. utg.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Emanuel, E. J., Fairclough, D. L., Wolfe, P., & Emanuel, L. L. (2004). Talking with terminally ill patients and their caregivers about death, dying, and bereavement: is it stressful? Is it helpful? Archives of internal medicine, 164(18), 1999-2004. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.164.18.1999

Ernst, E. (2009). Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 17(4), 333-337. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-008-0569-z

Escalante, C. P., Martin, C. G., Elting, L. S., Price, K. J., Manzullo, E. F., Weiser, M. A., . . . Rubenstein, E. B. (2000). Identifying risk factors for imminent death in cancer patients with acute dyspnea. Journal of pain and symptom management, 20(5), 318-325.

Espat, N. J., Brennan, M. F., & Conlon, K. C. (1999). Patients with laparoscopically staged unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma do not require subsequent surgical biliary or gastric bypass. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 188(6), 649-655; discussion 655-647.

Eustace, S., Tello, R., DeCarvalho, V., Carey, J., Wroblicka, J. T., Melhem, E. R., & Yucel, E. K. (1997). A comparison of whole-body turboSTIR MR imaging and planar 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate scintigraphy in the examination of patients with suspected skeletal metastases. AJR. American journal of roentgenology, 169(6), 1655-1661. https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.169.6.9393186

Evangelista, C. B., Lopes, M. E., Costa, S. F., Batista, P. S., Batista, J. B., & Oliveira, A. M. (2016). Palliative care and spirituality: an integrative literature review. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 69(3), 591-601. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167.2016690324i

Fairchild, A., Barnes, E., Ghosh, S., Ben-Josef, E., Roos, D., Hartsell, W., . . . Chow, E. (2009). International patterns of practice in palliative radiotherapy for painful bone metastases: evidence-based practice? International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 75(5), 1501-1510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.12.084

Fallon, M., Giusti, R., Aielli, F., Hoskin, P., Rolke, R., Sharma, M., & Ripamonti, C. I. (2018). Management of cancer pain in adult patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 29(Supplement_4), iv166-iv191. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy152

Fallowfield, L. (2010). Communication with the patient and family in palliative medicine. I: G. Hanks (red.), Oxford textbook of palliative medicine (4. utg., s. 333-341). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fallowfield, L., & Jenkins, V. (1999). Effective communication skills are the key to good cancer care. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 35(11), 1592-1597.

Fallowfield, L., & Jenkins, V. (2004). Communicating sad, bad, and difficult news in medicine. Lancet (London, England), 363(9405), 312-319. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)15392-5

Fayers, P. M., Hjermstad, M. J., Ranhoff, A. H., Kaasa, S., Skogstad, L., Klepstad, P., & Loge, J. H. (2005). Which mini-mental state exam items can be used to screen for delirium and cognitive impairment? Journal of pain and symptom management, 30(1), 41-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2005.05.001

Fearon, K., Strasser, F., Anker, S. D., Bosaeus, I., Bruera, E., Fainsinger, R. L., . . . Baracos, V. E. (2011). Definition and classification of cancer cachexia: an international consensus. The Lancet. Oncology, 12(5), 489-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(10)70218-7

Fearon, K. C. (2008). Cancer cachexia: developing multimodal therapy for a multidimensional problem. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 44(8), 1124-1132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2008.02.033

Fearon, K. C. H., Glass, D. J., & Guttridge, D. C. (2012). Cancer cachexia: mediators, signaling, and metabolic pathways. Cell Metabolism, 16(2), 153-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2012.06.011

Ferdige fagprosedyrer: barn og unge. (2018). [Nettside]. Oslo: Helsebiblioteket.no. Hentet 7. desember 2018, fra https://www.helsebiblioteket.no/fagprosedyrer/ferdige/?subject=243978

Ferrell, B. R., Temel, J. S., Temin, S., & Smith, T. J. (2017). Integration of palliative care Into standard oncology care: ASCO clinical practice guideline update summary. Journal of oncology practice, 13(2), 119-121. https://doi.org/10.1200/jop.2016.017897

Follwell, M., Burman, D., Le, L. W., Wakimoto, K., Seccareccia, D., Bryson, J., . . . Zimmermann, C. (2009). Phase II study of an outpatient palliative care intervention in patients with metastatic cancer. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 27(2), 206-213. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2008.17.7568

Fong, D. Y., Ho, J. W., Hui, B. P., Lee, A. M., Macfarlane, D. J., Leung, S. S., . . . Cheng, K. K. (2012). Physical activity for cancer survivors: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 344, e70. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e70

Ford, J. A., Jones, R., Elders, A., Mulatero, C., Royle, P., Sharma, P., . . . Mowatt, G. (2013). Denosumab for treatment of bone metastases secondary to solid tumours: systematic review and network meta-analysis. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 49(2), 416-430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2012.07.016

Forskrift om helseforetaksfinansierte reseptlegemidler til bruk utenfor sykehus. FOR-2015-06-12-646. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/SF/forskrift/2015-06-12-646?q=FOR-2015-06-12-646

Forskrift om individuell plan etter helselovgivningen og sosialtjenesteloven. FOR-2004-12-23-1837. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/LTI/forskrift/2004-12-23-1837

Forskrift om pasienters, ledsageres og pårørendes rett til dekning av utgifter ved reise til helsetjenester (pasientreiseforskriften). FOR-2015-06-25-793. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/SF/forskrift/2015-06-25-793?q=FOR-2015-06-25-793

Forskrift om stønad til dekning av utgifter til viktige legemidler mv. (blåreseptforskriften). FOR-2007-06-28-814. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/SF/forskrift/2007-06-28-814?q=FOR-2007-06-28-814

Foubert, J., & Vaessen, G. (2005). Nausea: the neglected symptom? European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 9(1), 21-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2004.03.006

Frantzen, T. (2016). Fysioterapi i palliativ fase. I: I. L. Nesvold, T.-L. Frantzen, & K. L. Tagholdt (red.), Fysioterapi til kreftpasienter (s. 64-72). Oslo: Norsk Fysioterapeutforbund, faggruppen for onkologi og lymfologi.

Fredheim, O. M., Kaasa, S., Dale, O., Klepstad, P., Landro, N. I., & Borchgrevink, P. C. (2006). Opioid switching from oral slow release morphine to oral methadone may improve pain control in chronic non-malignant pain: a nine-month follow-up study. Palliative medicine, 20(1), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1191/0269216306pm1099oa

Freedman, M. D., Schwartz, H. J., Roby, R., & Fleisher, S. (1997). Tolerance and efficacy of polyethylene glycol 3350/electrolyte solution versus lactulose in relieving opiate induced constipation: a double-blinded placebo-controlled trial. Journal of clinical pharmacology, 37(10), 904-907.

Friis, P., & Forde, R. (2015). Advance care planning discussions with geriatric patients. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen, 135(3), 233-235. https://doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.14.0175

Friis, P., & Forde, R. (2017). Forhåndssamtaler = Advance care planning. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen, 137(6), 462. https://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.16.1049

Galasko, C. S. (1969). The detection of skeletal metastases from mammary cancer by gamma camera scintigraphy. The British journal of surgery, 56(10), 757-764.

Galvao, D. A., & Newton, R. U. (2005). Review of exercise intervention studies in cancer patients. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 23(4), 899-909. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2005.06.085

George, R., Jeba, J., Ramkumar, G., Chacko, A. G., Leng, M., & Tharyan, P. (2008). Interventions for the treatment of metastatic extradural spinal cord compression in adults. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD006716. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006716.pub2

George, R., Jeba, J., Ramkumar, G., Chacko, A. G., & Tharyan, P. (2015). Interventions for the treatment of metastatic extradural spinal cord compression in adults. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (9), CD006716. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006716.pub3

Glare, P., Miller, J., Nikolova, T., & Tickoo, R. (2011). Treating nausea and vomiting in palliative care: a review. Clinical interventions in aging, 6, 243-259. https://doi.org/10.2147/cia.s13109

Glare, P., Pereira, G., Kristjanson, L. J., Stockler, M., & Tattersall, M. (2004). Systematic review of the efficacy of antiemetics in the treatment of nausea in patients with far-advanced cancer. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 12(6), 432-440. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-004-0629-y

Glare, P. A., Dunwoodie, D., Clark, K., Ward, A., Yates, P., Ryan, S., & Hardy, J. R. (2008). Treatment of nausea and vomiting in terminally ill cancer patients. Drugs, 68(18), 2575-2590. https://doi.org/10.2165/0003495-200868180-00004

Gomes, B., Calanzani, N., Gysels, M., Hall, S., & Higginson, I. J. (2013). Heterogeneity and changes in preferences for dying at home: a systematic review. BMC palliative care, 12, 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-684x-12-7

Goudas, L. C., Bloch, R., Gialeli-Goudas, M., Lau, J., & Carr, D. B. (2005). The epidemiology of cancer pain. Cancer investigation, 23(2), 182-190.

Gouma, D. J., Busch, O. R., & Van Gulik, T. M. (2006). Pancreatic carcinoma: palliative surgical and endoscopic treatment. HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association, 8(5), 369-376. https://doi.org/10.1080/13651820600804021

Grande, G. E., Austin, L., Ewing, G., O'Leary, N., & Roberts, C. (2017). Assessing the impact of a Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) intervention in palliative home care: a stepped wedge cluster trial. BMJ supportive & palliative care, 7(3), 326-334. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000829

Guckenberger, M., Mantel, F., Gerszten, P. C., Flickinger, J. C., Sahgal, A., Letourneau, D., . . . Kersh, R. (2014). Safety and efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy as primary treatment for vertebral metastases: a multi-institutional analysis. Radiation oncology (London, England), 9, 226. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13014-014-0226-2

Gulde, I., Oldervoll, L. M., & Martin, C. (2011). Palliative cancer patients' experience of physical activity. Journal of palliative care, 27(4), 296-302.

Hagen, N. A., Stiles, C., Nekolaichuk, C., Biondo, P., Carlson, L. E., Fisher, K., & Fainsinger, R. (2008). The Alberta Breakthrough Pain Assessment Tool for cancer patients: a validation study using a delphi process and patient think-aloud interviews. Journal of pain and symptom management, 35(2), 136-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2007.03.016

Hansen, M. S., Mathiesen, O., Trautner, S., & Dahl, J. B. (2012). Intranasal fentanyl in the treatment of acute pain--a systematic review. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 56(4), 407-419. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2011.02613.x

Harada, H., Katagiri, H., Kamata, M., Yoshioka, Y., Asakura, H., Hashimoto, T., . . . Nishimura, T. (2010). Radiological response and clinical outcome in patients with femoral bone metastases after radiotherapy. Journal of radiation research, 51(2), 131-136.

Harlo, S., & Kvikstad, A. (2016). Økonomiske støtteordninger ved alvorlig sykdom og dødsfall. I: S. Kaasa, J. H. Loge, & D. R. F. Haugen (red.), Palliasjon: nordisk lærebok (3. utg., s. 172-188). Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk.

Harris, D. G. (2010). Nausea and vomiting in advanced cancer. British medical bulletin, 96, 175-185. https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldq031

Hashmi, A., Guckenberger, M., Kersh, R., Gerszten, P. C., Mantel, F., Grills, I. S., . . . Sahgal, A. (2016). Re-irradiation stereotactic body radiotherapy for spinal metastases: a multi-institutional outcome analysis. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine, 25(5), 646-653. https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.4.spine151523

Hately, J., Laurence, V., Scott, A., Baker, R., & Thomas, P. (2003). Breathlessness clinics within specialist palliative care settings can improve the quality of life and functional capacity of patients with lung cancer. Palliative medicine, 17(5), 410-417. https://doi.org/10.1191/0269216303pm752oa

Haugen, D. F., Hjermstad, M. J., Hagen, N., Caraceni, A., & Kaasa, S. (2010). Assessment and classification of cancer breakthrough pain: a systematic literature review. Pain, 149(3), 476-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.02.035

Haughney, A. (2004). Nausea & vomiting in end-stage cancer. The American journal of nursing, 104(11), 40-48; quiz 49.

Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet. Samhandlingsreformen: rett behandling – på rett sted – til rett tid (St.meld. nr. 47 (2008-2009)). Hentet fra https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/d4f0e16ad32e4bbd8d8ab5c21445a5dc/no/pdfs/stm200820090047000dddpdfs.pdf

Helsedirektoratet. (2009). Beslutningsprosesser ved begrensning av livsforlengende behandling hos alvorlige syke og døende (IS-2091). Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet fra https://helsedirektoratet.no/retningslinjer/veileder-for-beslutningsprosesser-ved-begrensning-av-livsforlengende-behandling

Helsedirektoratet. (2013). Nasjonale faglige retningslinjer for forebygging og behandling av underernæring (IS-1580). Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet fra https://helsedirektoratet.no/retningslinjer/nasjonal-faglig-retningslinje-for-forebygging-og-behandling-av-underernering

Helsedirektoratet. (2015). Rapport om tilbudet til personer med behov for lindrende behandling og omsorg mot livets slutt: å skape liv til dagene (IS-2278). Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet fra https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/tema/palliasjon/_/attachment/download/64b02e2c-9ec9-4709-b6fa-a156a79e9baf:3828cd931ca7996c7220dd12f25bb1a4876dda58/Rapport%20om%20tilbudet%20til%20personer%20med%20behov%20for%20lindrende%20behandling%20og%20omsorg%20ved%20livets%20slutt.pdf

Helsedirektoratet. (2018). Veileder om pårørende i helse- og omsorgstjenesten (IS-2587). Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet fra https://helsedirektoratet.no/retningslinjer/parorendeveileder

Hodel, J., Zins, M., Desmottes, L., Boulay-Coletta, I., Julles, M. C., Nakache, J. P., & Rodallec, M. (2009). Location of the transition zone in CT of small-bowel obstruction: added value of multiplanar reformations. Abdominal imaging, 34(1), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-007-9348-4

Holtan, A., Aass, N., Nordoy, T., Haugen, D. F., Kaasa, S., Mohr, W., & Kongsgaard, U. E. (2007). Prevalence of pain in hospitalised cancer patients in Norway: a national survey. Palliative medicine, 21(1), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216306073127

Husband, D. J., Grant, K. A., & Romaniuk, C. S. (2001). MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of suspected malignant spinal cord compression. The British journal of radiology, 74(877), 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.74.877.740015

Haanpaa, M., Attal, N., Backonja, M., Baron, R., Bennett, M., Bouhassira, D., . . . Treede, R. D. (2011). NeuPSIG guidelines on neuropathic pain assessment. Pain, 152(1), 14-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.07.031

Individuell plan 2010 – veileder til forskrift om individuell plan. (2010). (IS-1253). Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet fra https://helsedirektoratet.no/retningslinjer/rehabilitering-habilitering-individuell-plan-og-koordinator/seksjon?Tittel=individuell-plan-og-koordinator-6935

Iversen, G. S. (2. august 2018). En plan for livets sluttfase. [Nettdokument]. Oslo: Sykepleien. Hentet 11. desember 2018, 2018, fra https://sykepleien.no/meninger/innspill/2016/09/en-plan-livets-sluttfase

Jackson, K. C. (2015). Kulturformuleringsintervjuet (CFI), DSM-5 : et klinisk verktøy i tverrkulturell kommunikasjon. Oslo: NAKMI, Nasjonal kompetanseenhet for minoritetshelse. Hentet fra https://www.fhi.no/publ/2015/kulturformuleringsintervjuet-cfi-dsm-5/

Jandhyala, R., Fullarton, J. R., & Bennett, M. I. (2013). Efficacy of rapid-onset oral fentanyl formulations vs. oral morphine for cancer-related breakthrough pain: a meta-analysis of comparative trials. Journal of pain and symptom management, 46(4), 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2012.09.009

Jeejeebhoy, K. N. (2012). Malnutrition, fatigue, frailty, vulnerability, sarcopenia and cachexia: overlap of clinical features. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 15(3), 213-219. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCO.0b013e328352694f

Jennings, A. L., Davies, A. N., Higgins, J. P., & Broadley, K. (2001). Opioids for the palliation of breathlessness in terminal illness. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD002066. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd002066

Jeurnink, S. M., Steyerberg, E. W., Hof, G., van Eijck, C. H., Kuipers, E. J., & Siersema, P. D. (2007). Gastrojejunostomy versus stent placement in patients with malignant gastric outlet obstruction: a comparison in 95 patients. Journal of surgical oncology, 96(5), 389-396. https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.20828

Johnstone, C., & Lutz, S. T. (2014). External beam radiotherapy and bone metastases. Annals of palliative medicine, 3(2), 114-122. https://doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2224-5820.2014.04.06

Jones, L. W., & Alfano, C. M. (2013). Exercise-oncology research: past, present, and future. Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden), 52(2), 195-215. https://doi.org/10.3109/0284186x.2012.742564

Kakhki, V. R., Anvari, K., Sadeghi, R., Mahmoudian, A. S., & Torabian-Kakhki, M. (2013). Pattern and distribution of bone metastases in common malignant tumors. Nuclear medicine review. Central & Eastern Europe, 16(2), 66-69. https://doi.org/10.5603/nmr.2013.0037

Khan, S. Y., & O'Driscoll, B. R. (2004). Is nebulized saline a placebo in COPD? BMC pulmonary medicine, 4, 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-4-9

King, S., Forbes, K., Hanks, G. W., Ferro, C. J., & Chambers, E. J. (2011). A systematic review of the use of opioid medication for those with moderate to severe cancer pain and renal impairment: a European Palliative Care Research Collaborative opioid guidelines project. Palliative medicine, 25(5), 525-552. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216311406313

Kissane, D. (2005). A challenge for palliative medicine: bereavement care. European Journal of Palliative Care, 12(2S), 19-23.

Kjørstad, O. J., & Haugen, D. F. (2013). Hjarte-lunge-redning til kreftpasientar i palliativ fase. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen, 133(4), 417-421. https://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.12.0378

Kloke, M., & Cherny, N. (2015). Treatment of dyspnoea in advanced cancer patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 26 Suppl 5, v169-173. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdv306

Knudsen, A. K., Brunelli, C., Klepstad, P., Aass, N., Apolone, G., Corli, O., . . . Kaasa, S. (2012). Which domains should be included in a cancer pain classification system? Analyses of longitudinal data. Pain, 153(3), 696-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2011.12.005

Kondrup, J., Rasmussen, H. H., Hamberg, O. L. E., & Stanga, Z. (2003). Nutritional risk screening (NRS 2002): a new method based on an analysis of controlled clinical trials. Clinical Nutrition, 22(3), 321-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5614(02)00214-5

Kringlen, E., Finset, A., & Kringlen, E. (1999). Den kliniske samtalen : kommunikasjon og pasientbehandling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

Kultur- og kirkedepartementet. Frivillighet for alle (St.meld. nr 39 (2006-2007)). Hentet fra https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/Stmeld-nr-39-2007-/id477331/

Kumar, N., Malhotra, R., Maharajan, K., Zaw, A. S., Wu, P. H., Makandura, M. C., . . . Wong, H. K. (2017). Metastatic spine tumor surgery: A comparative study of minimally invasive approach using percutaneous pedicle screws fixation versus open approach. Clinical spine surgery, 30(8), E1015-e1021. https://doi.org/10.1097/bsd.0000000000000400

Kvale, P. A., Simoff, M., & Prakash, U. B. (2003). Lung cancer. Palliative care. Chest, 123(1 Suppl), 284s-311s.

Kaasa, S., Apolone, G., Klepstad, P., Loge, J. H., Hjermstad, M. J., Corli, O., . . . Caraceni, A. (2011). Expert conference on cancer pain assessment and classification--the need for international consensus: working proposals on international standards. BMJ supportive & palliative care, 1(3), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2011-000078

Kaasa, S., Loge, J. H., Fayers, P., Caraceni, A., Strasser, F., Hjermstad, M. J., . . . Haugen, D. F. (2008). Symptom assessment in palliative care: a need for international collaboration. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 26(23), 3867-3873. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2007.15.8881

Kaasa, S., Loge, J. H., Aapro, M., Albreht, T., Anderson, R., Bruera, E., . . . Lundeby, T. (2018). Integration of oncology and palliative care: a Lancet Oncology Commission. The Lancet. Oncology, 19(11), e588-e653. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(18)30415-7

Kaasa, T., & Wessel, J. (2001). The Edmonton Functional Assessment Tool: further development and validation for use in palliative care. Journal of palliative care, 17(1), 5-11.

Lacey, J. (2015). Management of the actively dying patient. I: N. I. Cherny (red.), Oxford textbook of palliative medicine (5. utg.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Laird, B. J., Boyd, A. C., Colvin, L. A., & Fallon, M. T. (2009). Are cancer pain and depression interdependent? A systematic review. Psycho-oncology, 18(5), 459-464. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1431

Laksantia. I. (2016). Norsk legemiddelhåndbok. Oslo: Foreningen for utgivelse av Norsk legemiddelhåndbok. Hentet fra https://www.legemiddelhandboka.no/L12.11/Laksantia

Langer, A. (2010). A systematic review of PET and PET/CT in oncology: a way to personalize cancer treatment in a cost-effective manner? BMC health services research, 10, 283. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-283

Larkin, P. J., Cherny, N. I., La Carpia, D., Guglielmo, M., Ostgathe, C., Scotté, F., . . . Committee, E. G. (2018). Diagnosis, assessment and management of constipation in advanced cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 29(Supplement_4), iv111-iv125. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy148

Larkin, P. J., Sykes, N. P., Centeno, C., Ellershaw, J. E., Elsner, F., Eugene, B., . . . Zuurmond, W. W. (2008). The management of constipation in palliative care: clinical practice recommendations. Palliative medicine, 22(7), 796-807. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216308096908

Larssen, L., Medhus, A. W., Hjermstad, M. J., Korner, H., Glomsaker, T., Soberg, T., . . . Hauge, T. (2011). Patient-reported outcomes in palliative gastrointestinal stenting: a Norwegian multicenter study. Surgical endoscopy, 25(10), 3162-3169. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-011-1680-7

Larssen, L., Medhus, A. W., Körner, H., Glomsaker, T., Søberg, T., Gleditsch, D., . . . Hauge, T. (2012). Long-term outcome of palliative treatment with self-expanding metal stents for malignant obstructions of the GI tract. Scand J Gastroenterol, 47(12), 1505-1514. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365521.2012.711854

Laugsand, E. A., Fladvad, T., Skorpen, F., Maltoni, M., Kaasa, S., Fayers, P., & Klepstad, P. (2011). Clinical and genetic factors associated with nausea and vomiting in cancer patients receiving opioids. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 47(11), 1682-1691. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2011.04.014

Laugsand, T. S., Kaasa, S., Romundstad, P., Johannesen, T. B., & Lund, J. A. (2013). Radiotherapy for bone metastases: practice in Norway 1997-2007. A national registry-based study. Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden), 52(6), 1129-1136. https://doi.org/10.3109/0284186x.2012.747697

Lederberg, M. (1998). The family of the cancer patient. I: J. Holland (red.), Psycho-oncology (s. 981-993). New York: Oxford University Press.

Lee, S. H., Grant, R., Kennedy, C., & Kilbride, L. (2015). Positioning and spinal bracing for pain relief in metastatic spinal cord compression in adults. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (9), CD007609. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007609.pub3

Levack, P., Graham, J., Collie, D., Grant, R., Kidd, J., Kunkler, I., . . . Summers, D. (2002). Don't wait for a sensory level--listen to the symptoms: a prospective audit of the delays in diagnosis of malignant cord compression. Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain)), 14(6), 472-480.

Leve med kreft. Nasjonal kreftstrategi (2018–2022). (2018). (I-1184 B). Oslo: Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet. Hentet fra https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/266bf1eec38940888a589ec86d79da20/regjeringens_kreftstrategi_180418.pdf

Levy, M. H. (1998). Doctor-patient communication: the lifeline to comprehensive cancer care. I: American Society of Clinical Oncology, Educational Book, 1998 (34th Annual Meeting) (s. 195-202)

Librach, S. L., Bouvette, M., De Angelis, C., Farley, J., Oneschuk, D., Pereira, J. L., & Syme, A. (2010). Consensus recommendations for the management of constipation in patients with advanced, progressive illness. Journal of pain and symptom management, 40(5), 761-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2010.03.026

Lichter, I. (1993). Which antiemetic? Journal of palliative care, 9(1), 42-50.

Lippert, F. K., Raffay, V., Georgiou, M., Steen, P. A., & Bossaert, L. (2010). European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 10. The ethics of resuscitation and end-of-life decisions. Resuscitation, 81(10), 1445-1451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.013

Loblaw, D. A., Perry, J., Chambers, A., & Laperriere, N. J. (2005). Systematic review of the diagnosis and management of malignant extradural spinal cord compression: the Cancer Care Ontario Practice Guidelines Initiative's Neuro-Oncology Disease Site Group. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 23(9), 2028-2037. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2005.00.067

Locke, G. R., 3rd, Pemberton, J. H., & Phillips, S. F. (2000). American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: guidelines on constipation. Gastroenterology, 119(6), 1761-1766.

Loge, J. (2008). Angst og depresjon. I: S. Kaasa (red.), Palliasjon: nordisk lærebok (2. utg., s. 531-547). Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk.

Loughrey, G. J., Collins, C. D., Todd, S. M., Brown, N. M., & Johnson, R. J. (2000). Magnetic resonance imaging in the management of suspected spinal canal disease in patients with known malignancy. Clinical radiology, 55(11), 849-855. https://doi.org/10.1053/crad.2000.0547

Lov om arbeidsmiljø, arbeidstid og stillingsvern mv. (arbeidsmiljøloven). LOV-2005-06-17-62. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2005-06-17-62?q=LOV-2005-06-17-62

Lov om folketrygd (folketrygdloven). LOV-1997-02-28-19. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1997-02-28-19?q=LOV-1997-02-28-19

Lov om helsepersonell m.v. (helsepersonelloven). LOV-1999-07-02-64. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1999-07-02-64

Lov om kommunale helse- og omsorgstjenester m.m. (helse- og omsorgstjenesteloven). LOV-2011-06-24-30. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2011-06-24-30

Lov om pasient- og brukerrettigheter (pasient- og brukerrettighetsloven). LOV-1999-07-02-63. Hentet fra https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1999-07-02-63

Lov om spesialisthelsetjenesten m.m. (spesialisthelsetjenesteloven). LOV-1999-07-02-61. Hentet fra http://www.lovdata.no/all/hl-19990702-061.html

Lowenstein, O., Leyendecker, P., Hopp, M., Schutter, U., Rogers, P. D., Uhl, R., . . . Reimer, K. (2009). Combined prolonged-release oxycodone and naloxone improves bowel function in patients receiving opioids for moderate-to-severe non-malignant chronic pain: a randomised controlled trial. Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 10(4), 531-543. https://doi.org/10.1517/14656560902796798

Lutz, S., Balboni, T., Jones, J., Lo, S., Petit, J., Rich, S. E., . . . Hahn, C. (2017). Palliative radiation therapy for bone metastases: update of an ASTRO Evidence-Based Guideline. Practical radiation oncology, 7(1), 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prro.2016.08.001

Mak, K. S., Lee, L. K., Mak, R. H., Wang, S., Pile-Spellman, J., Abrahm, J. L., . . . Balboni, T. A. (2011). Incidence and treatment patterns in hospitalizations for malignant spinal cord compression in the United States, 1998-2006. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 80(3), 824-831. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.03.022

Malign medullakompresjon (MMK) - Standardisert pasientforløp. I: eHåndboken for Oslo universitetssykehus. (2018). [nettdokument]. Oslo: Oslo universitetssykehus. Avd. for kreftbehandling. Hentet 18. desember 2018, fra http://ehandboken.ous-hf.no/document/128350

Mancini, I., & Bruera, E. (1998). Constipation in advanced cancer patients. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 6(4), 356-364. https://doi.org/10.1007/s005200050177

Mancini, I. L., Hanson, J., Neumann, C. M., & Bruera, E. D. (2000). Opioid type and other clinical predictors of laxative dose in advanced cancer patients: a retrospective study. Journal of palliative medicine, 3(1), 49-56. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2000.3.49

McClain, C. S., Rosenfeld, B., & Breitbart, W. (2003). Effect of spiritual well-being on end-of-life despair in terminally-ill cancer patients. Lancet (London, England), 361(9369), 1603-1607. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)13310-7

McClement, S. E. (2015). Spiritual issues in palliative medicine. I: N. Cherny, M. Fallon, S. Kaasa, R. K. Portenoy, & D. C. Currow (red.), Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine (5. utg., s. 1059-1066). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCurdy, M. T., & Shanholtz, C. B. (2012). Oncologic emergencies. Critical care medicine, 40(7), 2212-2222. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e31824e1865

McMillan, S. C. (2004). Assessing and managing opiate-induced constipation in adults with cancer. Cancer control : journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center, 11(3 Suppl), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/10732748040110s302

Meissner, W., Leyendecker, P., Mueller-Lissner, S., Nadstawek, J., Hopp, M., Ruckes, C., . . . Reimer, K. (2009). A randomised controlled trial with prolonged-release oral oxycodone and naloxone to prevent and reverse opioid-induced constipation. European journal of pain (London, England), 13(1), 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpain.2008.06.012

Mendoza, J., Legido, J., Rubio, S., & Gisbert, J. P. (2007). Systematic review: the adverse effects of sodium phosphate enema. Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 26(1), 9-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2007.03354.x

Mercadante, S., Porzio, G., Valle, A., Fusco, F., Aielli, F., & Costanzo, V. (2011). Palliative sedation in patients with advanced cancer followed at home: a systematic review. Journal of pain and symptom management, 41(4), 754-760. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2010.07.013

Metastatic spinal cord compression in adults. (2014). (Quality standard QS56). London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Hentet fra https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs56

Metastatic spinal cord compression in adults: risk assessment, diagnosis and management. (2008). (Clinical guideline CG75). London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Hentet fra https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg75

Metoder og verktøy [Nettdokument]. Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet 20. desember 2018, fra https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/veiledere/oppfolging-av-personer-med-store-og-sammensatte-behov/metoder-og-verktoy-for-systematisk-kvalitetsforbedring-for-helhetlige-og-koordinerte-tjenester

Meyer, L., & Pothuri, B. (2006). Decompressive percutaneous gastrostomy tube use in gynecologic malignancies. Current treatment options in oncology, 7(2), 111-120.

Miles, C. L., Fellowes, D., Goodman, M. L., & Wilkinson, S. (2006). Laxatives for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD003448. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003448.pub2

Moksnes, K., Dale, O., Rosland, J. H., Paulsen, O., Klepstad, P., & Kaasa, S. (2011). How to switch from morphine or oxycodone to methadone in cancer patients? a randomised clinical phase II trial. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 47(16), 2463-2470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2011.06.047

Moss, A. C., Morris, E., & Mac Mathuna, P. (2006). Palliative biliary stents for obstructing pancreatic carcinoma. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD004200. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004200.pub2

Müller, D., Wiedmann, M., Kluge, R., Berr, F., Mössner, J., Sabri, O., & Caca, K. (2005). Ist die 18F-FDG-PET zum Monitoring der palliativen photodynamischen Therapie von nichtresektablen Klatskin-Tumoren geeignet? Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie, 43(5), 439-443. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-813935

Nabal, M., Librada, S., Redondo, M. J., Pigni, A., Brunelli, C., & Caraceni, A. (2012). The role of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in addition to WHO Step III opioids in the control of pain in advanced cancer. A systematic review of the literature. Palliative medicine, 26(4), 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216311428528

NHS. (20. juni 2018). End of life care. [Nettside]. England: NHS. Hentet 4. desember 2018, 2018, fra https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/end-of-life-care/

Nordoy, T., Thoresen, L., Kvikstad, A., & Svensen, R. (2006). Ernæring og væskebehandling til pasienter med ikke-kurabel kreftsykdom. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen, 126(5), 624-627.

Obling, S. R., Wilson, B. V., Pfeiffer, P., & Kjeldsen, J. (2017). Home parenteral nutrition increases fat free mass in patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer. Results of a randomized controlled trial. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2017.12.011

Oldervoll, L., & Stene, G. (2016). Fysisk aktivitet og trening. I: S. Kaasa, J. H. Loge, & D. R. F. Haugen (red.), Palliasjon: nordisk lærebok (3. utg., s. 244-252). Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk.

Oldervoll, L. M., Loge, J. H., Lydersen, S., Paltiel, H., Asp, M. B., Nygaard, U. V., . . . Kaasa, S. (2011). Physical exercise for cancer patients with advanced disease: a randomized controlled trial. The oncologist, 16(11), 1649-1657. https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2011-0133

Oldervoll, L. M., Loge, J. H., Paltiel, H., Asp, M. B., Vidvei, U., Hjermstad, M. J., & Kaasa, S. (2005). Are palliative cancer patients willing and able to participate in a physical exercise program? Palliative & supportive care, 3(4), 281-287.

Ortner, M. E., Caca, K., Berr, F., Liebetruth, J., Mansmann, U., Huster, D., . . . Lochs, H. (2003). Successful photodynamic therapy for nonresectable cholangiocarcinoma: a randomized prospective study. Gastroenterology, 125(5), 1355-1363.

Paniagua-Collado, M., & Cauli, O. (2018). Non-pharmacological interventions in patients with spinal cord compression: a systematic review. Journal of neuro-oncology, 136(3), 423-434. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11060-017-2684-5

Patchell, R. A., Tibbs, P. A., Regine, W. F., Payne, R., Saris, S., Kryscio, R. J., . . . Young, B. (2005). Direct decompressive surgical resection in the treatment of spinal cord compression caused by metastatic cancer: a randomised trial. Lancet (London, England), 366(9486), 643-648. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)66954-1

Paulsen, O., Klepstad, P., Rosland, J. H., Aass, N., Albert, E., Fayers, P., & Kaasa, S. (2014). Efficacy of methylprednisolone on pain, fatigue, and appetite loss in patients with advanced cancer using opioids: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 32(29), 3221-3228. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2013.54.3926

Plesner, I. T., & Døving, C. A. Livsfaseriter : religions- og livsynspolitiske utfordringer i Norge. Oslo: STL, Samarbeidsrådet for tros- og livssynsamfunn. fra https://stl.no/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/STL-rapport-Livsfaseriter.pdf

Pothuri, B., Montemarano, M., Gerardi, M., Shike, M., Ben-Porat, L., Sabbatini, P., & Barakat, R. R. (2005). Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement in patients with malignant bowel obstruction due to ovarian carcinoma. Gynecologic oncology, 96(2), 330-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2004.09.058

Prat, F., Chapat, O., Ducot, B., Ponchon, T., Pelletier, G., Fritsch, J., . . . Buffet, C. (1998). A randomized trial of endoscopic drainage methods for inoperable malignant strictures of the common bile duct. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 47(1), 1-7.

Puchalski, C., Ferrell, B., Virani, R., Otis-Green, S., Baird, P., Bull, J., . . . Sulmasy, D. (2009). Improving the quality of spiritual care as a dimension of palliative care: the report of the Consensus Conference. Journal of palliative medicine, 12(10), 885-904. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2009.0142

På liv og død: palliasjon til alvorlig syke og døende. (2017). (NOU 2017:16). Oslo: Departementenes sikkerhets- og serviceorganisasjon, Informasjonsforvaltning. Hentet fra https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/nou-2017-16/id2582548/

Radbruch, L., Elsner, F., Trottenberg , P., Strasser, F., & Fearon, K. (2010). Clinical practice guidelines on Cancer Cachexia in advanced cancer patients. Aachen: Department of Palliative Medicinen / European Palliative Care Research Collaborative.

Radbruch, L., Sabatowski, R., Loick, G., Kulbe, C., Kasper, M., Grond, S., & Lehmann, K. A. (2000). Constipation and the use of laxatives: a comparison between transdermal fentanyl and oral morphine. Palliative medicine, 14(2), 111-119. https://doi.org/10.1191/026921600671594561

Rades, D., Segedin, B., Conde-Moreno, A., Gómez, R., Perpar, A., Metz, M., . . . Schild, S. (2016). Radiotherapy with 4 Gy x 5 versus 3 Gy x 10 for metastatic epidural spinal cord compression: Final results of the SCORE-2 trial (ARO 2009/01). Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 34(6), 597-602. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2015.64.0862

Ramesh, P. R., Kumar, K. S., Rajagopal, M. R., Balachandran, P., & Warrier, P. K. (1998). Managing morphine-induced constipation: a controlled comparison of an Ayurvedic formulation and senna. Journal of pain and symptom management, 16(4), 240-244.

Rauws, E. A. (2006). Photodynamic therapy and Klatskin tumour: an overview. Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement, (243), 135-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/00365520600664441

Ravasco, P. (2005). Aspects of taste and compliance in patients with cancer. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 9, S84-S91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2005.09.003

Reid, J., McKenna, H. P., Fitzsimons, D., & McCance, T. V. (2010). An exploration of the experience of cancer cachexia: what patients and their families want from healthcare professionals. European journal of cancer care, 19(5), 682-689. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2354.2009.01124.x

Retningslinjer for lindrende sedering i livets sluttfase. (2014). Oslo: Den norske legeforening. Hentet fra https://www.helsebiblioteket.no/anestesiologi/retningslinjer/retningslinjer-for-lindrende-sedering-i-livets-sluttfase

Rett til egen tros- og livssynsutøvelse. (2009). (Rundskriv I - 6/2009). Oslo: Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet. Hentet fra https://www.regjeringen.no/globalassets/upload/hod/rundskriv/rundskriv-i---6-2009.pdf

Rich, S. E., Chow, R., Raman, S., Liang Zeng, K., Lutz, S., Lam, H., . . . Chow, E. (2018). Update of the systematic review of palliative radiation therapy fractionation for bone metastases. Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, 126(3), 547-557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.01.003

Richmond, C. (2005). Dame Cicely Saunders. BMJ : British Medical Journal, 331(7510), 238-238.

Ringdal, G. I., Ringdal, K., Jordhoy, M. S., Ahlner-Elmqvist, M., Jannert, M., & Kaasa, S. (2004). Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in family members of cancer victims: results from a longitudinal intervention study in Norway and Sweden. Palliative medicine, 18(2), 108-120. https://doi.org/10.1191/0269216304pm878oa

Ripamonti, C. (1994). Management of bowel obstruction in advanced cancer. Current opinion in oncology, 6(4), 351-357.

Ripamonti, C. (1999). Management of dyspnea in advanced cancer patients. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 7(4), 233-243.

Roberts, C. M. (2004). Short burst oxygen therapy for relief of breathlessness in COPD. Thorax, 59(8), 638-640. https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2003.017301

Roodman, G. D. (2004). Mechanisms of bone metastasis. The New England journal of medicine, 350(16), 1655-1664. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra030831

Ropper, A. E., & Ropper, A. H. (2017). Acute spinal cord compression. The New England journal of medicine, 376(14), 1358-1369. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1516539

Rosland, J. H., von Hofacker, S., & Paulsen, O. (2006). Den døende pasient. Tidsskr Nor Legeforen, 126(4), 467-470.

Ruiz Garcia, V., Lopez-Briz, E., Carbonell Sanchis, R., Gonzalvez Perales, J. L., & Bort-Marti, S. (2013). Megestrol acetate for treatment of anorexia-cachexia syndrome. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004310. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004310.pub3

Salt, S., Mulvaney, C. A., & Preston, N. J. (2017). Drug therapy for symptoms associated with anxiety in adult palliative care patients. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (5), CD004596. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004596.pub3

Sarhill, N., Mahmoud, F., Walsh, D., Nelson, K. A., Komurcu, S., Davis, M., . . . Rybicki, L. (2003). Evaluation of nutritional status in advanced metastatic cancer. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 11(10), 652-659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-003-0486-0

Saunders, C. (2003). Watch with me: inspiration for a life in hospice care. Sheffield: Mortal Press.

Saxby, C., Ackroyd, R., Callin, S., Mayland, C., & Kite, S. (2007). How should we measure emesis in palliative care? Palliative medicine, 21(5), 369-383. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216307080173

Sebastian, S., Johnston, S., Geoghegan, T., Torreggiani, W., & Buckley, M. (2004). Pooled analysis of the efficacy and safety of self-expanding metal stenting in malignant colorectal obstruction. The American journal of gastroenterology, 99(10), 2051-2057. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2004.40017.x

Segal, R., Zwaal, C., Green, E., Tomasone, J. R., Loblaw, A., Petrella, T., & Exercise for People with Cancer Guideline Development, G. (2017). Exercise for people with cancer: a systematic review. Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.), 24(4), e290-e315. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.24.3619

Selman, L. E., Brighton, L. J., Sinclair, S., Karvinen, I., Egan, R., Speck, P., . . . Hope, J. (2018). Patients' and caregivers' needs, experiences, preferences and research priorities in spiritual care: A focus group study across nine countries. Palliative medicine, 32(1), 216-230. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216317734954

Seymour, J., & Clark, D. (2018). The Liverpool Care Pathway for the dying patient: a critical analysis of its rise, demise and legacy in England. Wellcome open research, 3, 15. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.13940.2

Shin, E. S., Seo, K. H., Lee, S. H., Jang, J. E., Jung, Y. M., Kim, M. J., & Yeon, J. Y. (2016). Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (6), CD009873. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009873.pub3

Sigurdardottir, K. R., Kaasa, S., Rosland, J. H., Bausewein, C., Radbruch, L., & Haugen, D. F. (2014). The European Association for Palliative Care basic dataset to describe a palliative care cancer population: results from an international Delphi process. Palliative medicine, 28(6), 463-473. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216314521264

Singhal, D., van Gulik, T. M., & Gouma, D. J. (2005). Palliative management of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Surgical oncology, 14(2), 59-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2005.05.004

Smith, H. S., & Barkin, R. L. (2014). Painful boney metastases. American journal of therapeutics, 21(2), 106-130. https://doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0b013e3182456dff

Smith, S. (2001). Evidence-based management of constipation in the oncology patient. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 5(1), 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1054/ejon.2000.0119

Solheim, T. S., & Laird, B. J. (2012). Evidence base for multimodal therapy in cachexia. Current opinion in supportive and palliative care, 6(4), 424-431. https://doi.org/10.1097/SPC.0b013e328359b668

Spiritual support services. I. (2004). Improving supportive and palliative care for adults with cancer: the manual (s. 95-104). London: National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Hentet fra https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/csg4/resources/improving-supportive-and-palliative-care-for-adults-with-cancer-pdf-773375005

Stajduhar, K., Funk, L., Toye, C., Grande, G., Aoun, S., & Todd, C. (2010). Part 1: Home-based family caregiving at the end of life: a comprehensive review of published quantitative research (1998-2008). Palliative medicine, 24(6), 573-593. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216310371412

Standardisert pasientforløp: Malign medullakompresjon. Trondheim: St. Olavs hospital. Kreftklinikken. fra http://data.stolav.no/eqspublic/pasientforlop/docs/doc_28412/index.html

Standish, L. J., Kozak, L., & Congdon, S. (2008). Acupuncture is underutilized in hospice and palliative medicine. The American journal of hospice & palliative care, 25(4), 298-308. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909108315916

Stensheim, H., Hjermstad, M., & Loge, J. H. (2016). Ivaretakelse av pårørende. I: S. Kaasa, J. H. Loge, & D. R. F. Haugen (red.), Palliasjon: nordisk lærebok (3. utg., s. 274-285). Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk.

Stephenson, J., & Davies, A. (2006). An assessment of aetiology-based guidelines for the management of nausea and vomiting in patients with advanced cancer. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 14(4), 348-353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-005-0897-1

Stone, C. A., Lawlor, P. G., & Kenny, R. A. (2011). How to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence. Journal of palliative medicine, 14(2), 221-230. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2010.0326

Stratton, R. J., Hackston, A., Longmore, D., Dixon, R., Price, S., Stroud, M., . . . Elia, M. (2004). Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients: prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the 'malnutrition universal screening tool' ('MUST') for adults. The British journal of nutrition, 92(5), 799-808.

Sudore, R. L., Lum, H. D., You, J. J., Hanson, L. C., Meier, D. E., Pantilat, S. Z., . . . Heyland, D. K. (2017). Defining advance care planning for adults: a consensus definition from a multidisciplinary Delphi Panel. Journal of pain and symptom management, 53(5), 821-832.e821. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.12.331

Sykmelderveileder. (2018). [nettdokument]. Oslo: Helsedirektoratet. Hentet 18. desember 2018, fra https://helsedirektoratet.no/retningslinjer/sykmelderveileder

Sze, W. M., Shelley, M., Held, I., & Mason, M. (2004). Palliation of metastatic bone pain: single fraction versus multifraction radiotherapy - a systematic review of the randomised trials. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (2), CD004721. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd004721

Sze, W. M., Shelley, M. D., Held, I., Wilt, T. J., & Mason, M. D. (2003). Palliation of metastatic bone pain: single fraction versus multifraction radiotherapy--a systematic review of randomised trials. Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain)), 15(6), 345-352.

Szklaruk, J., Tamm, E., & Charnsangavej, C. (2002). Preoperative imaging of biliary tract cancers. Surgical oncology clinics of North America, 11(4), 865-876.

Tamayo, A. C., & Diaz-Zuluaga, P. A. (2004). Management of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction in cancer patients. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 12(9), 613-618. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-004-0649-7

Temel, J. S., Abernethy, A. P., Currow, D. C., Friend, J., Duus, E. M., Yan, Y., & Fearon, K. C. (2016). Anamorelin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and cachexia (ROMANA 1 and ROMANA 2): results from two randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trials. The Lancet. Oncology, 17(4), 519-531. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(15)00558-6

Teunissen, S. C., Wesker, W., Kruitwagen, C., de Haes, H. C., Voest, E. E., & de Graeff, A. (2007). Symptom prevalence in patients with incurable cancer: a systematic review. Journal of pain and symptom management, 34(1), 94-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2006.10.015

Thoresen, L., Lillemoen, L., Sævareid, T. J. L., Gjerberg, E., Førde, R., & Pedersen, R. (2017). Forhåndssamtaler på sykehjem: felles planlegging for tiden framover og helsehjelp ved livets slutt for pasienter ved sykehjem (Veileder). Oslo: Universitet i Oslo. Institutt for helse og samfunn. Hentet fra https://www.med.uio.no/helsam/forskning/prosjekter/forberedende-samtaler-i-sykehjem/acp-veileder271117.pdf?utm_source=publikasjoner&utm_campaign=veileder-forhandssamtaler

Townsend, P. W., Rosenthal, H. G., Smalley, S. R., Cozad, S. C., & Hassanein, R. E. (1994). Impact of postoperative radiation therapy and other perioperative factors on outcome after orthopedic stabilization of impending or pathologic fractures due to metastatic disease. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 12(11), 2345-2350. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.1994.12.11.2345

Townsend, P. W., Smalley, S. R., Cozad, S. C., Rosenthal, H. G., & Hassanein, R. E. (1995). Role of postoperative radiation therapy after stabilization of fractures caused by metastatic disease. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 31(1), 43-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3016(94)e0310-g

Traynor, O., Castaing, D., & Bismuth, H. (1987). Left intrahepatic cholangio-enteric anastomosis (round ligament approach): an effective palliative treatment for hilar cancers. The British journal of surgery, 74(10), 952-954.

Treatment for the dying patient: The Liverpool Care pathway. (2011). Best Practice Journal, (36), 6-13.

Treede, R. D., Jensen, T. S., Campbell, J. N., Cruccu, G., Dostrovsky, J. O., Griffin, J. W., . . . Serra, J. (2008). Neuropathic pain: redefinition and a grading system for clinical and research purposes. Neurology, 70(18), 1630-1635. https://doi.org/10.1212/01.wnl.0000282763.29778.59

van Delden, O. M., & Lameris, J. S. (2008). Percutaneous drainage and stenting for palliation of malignant bile duct obstruction. European radiology, 18(3), 448-456. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-007-0796-6

van den Beuken-van Everdingen, M. H., de Rijke, J. M., Kessels, A. G., Schouten, H. C., van Kleef, M., & Patijn, J. (2007). Prevalence of pain in patients with cancer: a systematic review of the past 40 years. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 18(9), 1437-1449. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdm056

van den Beuken-van Everdingen, M. H., Hochstenbach, L. M., Joosten, E. A., Tjan-Heijnen, V. C., & Janssen, D. J. (2016). Update on prevalence of pain in patients with cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of pain and symptom management, 51(6), 1070-1090.e1079. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2015.12.340

Vigano, A. L., di Tomasso, J., Kilgour, R. D., Trutschnigg, B., Lucar, E., Morais, J. A., & Borod, M. (2014). The abridged patient-generated subjective global assessment is a useful tool for early detection and characterization of cancer cachexia. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(7), 1088-1098. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.09.027

Wang, C., Shen, Y., & Zhu, S. (2015). Distribution features of skeletal metastases: a comparative study between pulmonary and prostate cancers. PloS one, 10(11), e0143437. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143437

Wang, Y. C., & Lin, C. C. (2016). Spiritual well-being may reduce the negative impacts of cancer Symptoms on the quality of life and the desire for hastened death in terminally ill cancer patients. Cancer nursing, 39(4), E43-50. https://doi.org/10.1097/ncc.0000000000000298

WHO definition of palliative care. (2018). [nettdokument]. Geneve: World Health Organisation. Hentet 3. desember 2018, fra https://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/definition/en/

Wirz, S., Nadstawek, J., Elsen, C., Junker, U., & Wartenberg, H. C. (2012). Laxative management in ambulatory cancer patients on opioid therapy: a prospective, open-label investigation of polyethylene glycol, sodium picosulphate and lactulose. European journal of cancer care, 21(1), 131-140. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2354.2011.01286.x

Witzigmann, H., Berr, F., Ringel, U., Caca, K., Uhlmann, D., Schoppmeyer, K., . . . Wiedmann, M. (2006). Surgical and palliative management and outcome in 184 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma: palliative photodynamic therapy plus stenting is comparable to r1/r2 resection. Annals of surgery, 244(2), 230-239. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000217639.10331.47

Wood, G. J., Shega, J. W., Lynch, B., & Von Roenn, J. H. (2007). Management of intractable nausea and vomiting in patients at the end of life: "I was feeling nauseous all of the time . . . nothing was working". Jama, 298(10), 1196-1207. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.298.10.1196

Woolery, M., Bisanz, A., Lyons, H. F., Gaido, L., Yenulevich, M., Fulton, S., & McMillan, S. C. (2008). Putting evidence into practice: evidence-based interventions for the prevention and management of constipation in patients with cancer. Clinical journal of oncology nursing, 12(2), 317-337. https://doi.org/10.1188/08.cjon.317-337

Wu, J. S., Wong, R., Johnston, M., Bezjak, A., & Whelan, T. (2003). Meta-analysis of dose-fractionation radiotherapy trials for the palliation of painful bone metastases. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 55(3), 594-605.

Yavuzsen, T., Davis, M. P., Walsh, D., LeGrand, S., & Lagman, R. (2005). Systematic review of the treatment of cancer-associated anorexia and weight loss. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 23(33), 8500-8511. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2005.01.8010 

Siste faglige endring: 14. oktober 2019