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Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2023

The new edition of the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) was published in June 2023.

Report is published

The report was launched 20 June 2023:

Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2023 (norden.org)

The extended NNR2023 report

The extended NNR2023 report will be published during the fall 2023. The extended NNR2023 report will include all background papers that are described below. Extended title and authors list for all publications are described further down on the web-page.

All 36 nutrient and 17 food group background papers

  • Nutrients: energy, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrates, dietary fibre, protein, alcohol, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, choline, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium as salt, potassium, iron, zinc, iodine, selenium, copper, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, fluoride, phytochemicals and antioxidants.
  • Food groups: beverages, cereals, vegetables, fruits and berries, fruit juice, potatoes, pulses, nuts, fish, meat, milk and dairy, eggs, fats and oils, sweets and confectionaries, infant feeding, dietary patters, meal patterns, ultraprocessed foods.

All 9 de novo systematic reviews

Background papers on health effects and environmental sustainability

  • Human body weight, nutrients and foods, a scoping review
  • Food consumption and nutrient intake in the adult population of the Nordic and Baltic countries
  • The burden of diet-related diseases and dietary risk factors in the Nordic and Baltic countries 1990-2021: A systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2021 for the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (to be submitted)
  • Physical activity: associations with health and summary of guidelines (in press)
  • Assessing the environmental sustainability of diets – a global overview of approaches and identification of 5 key considerations for comprehensive assessments (to be submitted)
  • Overview of food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region (to be submitted)
  • Integrating environmental sustainability into Food-Based Dietary Guidelines in Nordic countries (to be submitted)
  • Moving food consumption toward sustainable diets in the Nordics: Challenges and opportunities (to be submitted)
  • A sustainable food system for the European Union. The SAPEA report – a summary with focus on the Nordic and Baltic countries (to be submitted)

Background papers on methodology

  • The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 – Principles and methodologies.
  • The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 – Structure and rationale of qualified systematic reviews.
  • The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - Handbook for qualified systematic reviews.
  • The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 – Prioritization of topics for de novo systematic reviews.
  • The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2023 – Use of Dietary Reference Values.

In addition, a separate report with all comments and responses to all public consultation comments and website comments will be published during the fall 2023.

About the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR)

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) constitutes the scientific basis for national nutrient recommendations and food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The international collaboration between the five Nordic countries has resulted in the previous five editions of the NNR.

The most recent edition of the NNR (NNR2012) was launched in 2012/13 and published in 2014. Since then, a large number of scientific studies have emerged, underscoring the need for updating the NNR.

The new edition (NNR2023) was published on June 20th 2023. In addition to include an update on NNR for energy, macro- and micronutrients, NNR2023 has developed evidence-based platforms for the national FBDG as well as the integration of overweight and obesity, and environmental issues into FBDG.

Organization and roles

For information on the project organization and roles, please see section «about the NNR2023 project» in the NNR2023 report.

Meeting minutes

NNR2022 Committee meetings






Steering Group meetings

Først publisert: 03.07.2019 Last revised date: 07.09.2023 See previous versions